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143. How does responsiveness work?

Responsiveness in web design refers to the ability of a website to adapt to different screen sizes and resolutions, ensuring a consistent and optimal user experience across various devices. Media queries are an essential component of responsive design as they allow developers to apply specific styles to different screen sizes.

Media queries use CSS3 syntax to define different sets of rules based on the width and height of the screen, device orientation, and other parameters. These rules can include adjustments to font sizes, spacing, layout, and other style attributes that ensure the website looks and functions as intended on any device.

For example, a media query might specify that if the screen width is less than 768 pixels, the website should display a single-column layout with larger text and bigger buttons. If the screen width is greater than 768 pixels, the website should use a multi-column layout with smaller fonts and more detailed navigation menus.

Overall, media queries are a powerful tool for creating responsive designs that can adapt to different devices and screen sizes, providing users with an optimal experience regardless of how they access the website.